Information technology (IT) refers to everything that businesses use computers for. Information technology is building communications networks for a company, safeguarding data and information, creating and administering databases, helping employees troubleshoot problems with their computers or mobile devices, or doing a range of other work to ensure the efficiency and security of business information systems. Demand for professionals in this field is high and growing, and people entering the field have a range of career paths to choose from.
The phrase “information technology” goes back to a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review. Authors Harold J. Leavitt and Thomas L. Whisler defined several types of information technology: Techniques for the fast processing of information. The use of statistical and mathematical models for decision-making. The “simulation of higher-order thinking through computer programs.”
As young people, we always have tons of options when it comes to picking a future profession. However, most ideas are concerned about benefits and money. We mostly think about our prospects. When choosing information technology, do we realize what benefits await us? Do we even know why being an information technology student is so beneficial?
Technology is synonymous to our generation. Since the early 2000s modern progress has been unstoppable, and every year people wonder what the best minds will create next to impress them even more. Nevertheless, they perfectly keep up with these expectations.
Unlike most courses, IT gives a student multiple options in career projections to choose from. One is able to work in absolutely any industry and in any location whatsoever. Every career in the face of the earth requires the use of computer technology, thus, making IT experts some of the most marketable professionals in the world.
Companies in the information technology field are often discussed as a group as the "tech sector" or the "tech industry". These titles can be misleading at times and should not be mistaken for “tech companies”; which are generally large scale, for-profit corporations that sell consumer technology and software. It is also worth noting that from a business perspective, Information Technology departments are a “cost center” the majority of the time.
A cost center is a department or staff which incurs expenses, or “costs”, within a company rather than generating profits or revenue streams. Modern businesses rely heavily on technology for their day-to-day operations, so the expenses delegated to cover technology that facilitates business in a more efficient manner is usually seen as “just the cost of doing business”. IT departments are allocated funds by senior leadership and must attempt to achieve the desired deliverables while staying within that budget.