The abbreviation EFL means: English as a Foreign Language is learning English in a non-English-speaking country. For example, students in China who are learning English are considered EFL students because English is not the official language of the country. But if those same students were in the U.S. learning English, they would be considered ESL students.
EFL is very similar to ESOL, from the skills expected at each level to the topics covered. Many EFL (English as a Foreign Language) courses taught in Europe are made around the CEFR Framework. However, in the UK lots of EFL lessons and courses use different level labels, starting at beginner and going up to advanced.
Teaching ESL (English as a Second Language) is different from teaching EFL. This difference influences the content and methods used to teach the English language.
In many ESL classes* Students learn General English that helps them feel comfortable in school and communicate well with their new friends. They are also taught the kind of English language and skills that will help them to be successful in their other classes, history, mathematics etc. which are all in English. This is typical of most programs in ESL situations. Students have extensive daily exposure to English-speaking culture, although their understanding may be limited by their language skills.
In many EFL (English as a Foreign Language) classes English is often taught in a traditional way; i.e. based on step-by-step learning of a number of grammatical structures in a graded order of difficulty. As the learner has to master the language in his class and has no chances to practise English outside his class, the methods and techniques chosen should allow him/her to use the language both fluently and accurately. These techniques should ensure maximum exposure to the language.
English is an incredibly difficult language to learn. Between the complicated spellings and the seemingly impossible grammar rules, English is complicated as a secondary language. It is especially difficult to learn English from a distance, as the subject of a course. The most effective way to learn English is to be completely immersed in it.
You will become immersed in a new culture. During your EFL (English as a Foreign Language) lessons and courses you will learn more about English culture and gain a greater understanding of England traditions. Being immersed in the language and surrounding yourself with the people of England will give you a better understanding of the language than that which your peers have. During your lessons you will be able to speak with native English speakers. This will grant you the ability to speak on a topic in English and practise your news skills in a real context.
Another great advantage to learning English is that it dramatically boosts your employment opportunities and career prospects. People who are fluent speakers of English are highly sought after by many employers, particularly of the multinational sort. When looking for work, your mastery in speaking and understanding English can give you a tremendous advantage over other candidates.